Job Description

A Judge hears matters in the higher courts, interprets precedents and relevant legislation, enforces the rules of evidence, and decides on appropriate sentences for those found guilty of a crime. Magistrates hear cases in a local or Magistrate’s Court (or local court).

Careers Ladder


To become a judge or magistrate, generally, you have to be a qualified lawyer practicing for at least 5 years. To get into degree courses you usually need to gain your senior secondary school certificate or equivalent with English. Students are often advised to undertake a combined degree course that leads to two degrees.

Consider a Bachelor's degree and Juris Doctorate and Undergraduate degrees in political science, history, business or economics are beneficial.


  • Analytical
  • Assertive
  • Communicator
  • Confident
  • Courteous
  • Integrity
  • Interpersonal
  • Honest
  • Patient
  • Responsible
  • Strong

Key Skills

  • Knowledge of Commonwealth and state law, legal history and court processes
  • Work under pressure and deal with a variety of people.
  • Extensive legal experience
  • Commitment
  • Social Awareness
  • Maturity and Sound Temperament

Future Prospects

Judges advance by moving into courts that extend their jurisdictions and powers. Administrative law judges may become trial court judges and, with experience, appellate court judges. They may eventually be elected or appointed to the highest courts in their states or, in very rare cases, to the Supreme Court.