Job Description

Engineers apply the principles of science and mathematics to develop economical solutions to technical problems. Engineers span many different disciplines, the main ones being chemical, civil, mechanical, electrical, mining and computer engineering. As an Engineer you will be involved in inventing, designing, analysing, building, and testing machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfil objectives while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety and cost. You may work across industries such as construction, manufacturing, telecommunications, mining, food production or aeronautics.

Careers Ladder


On average a 40 hour week dependent on your field of work in engineering


The common pathway to becoming an Engineer usually takes 6-7 years of combined education and on-the-job experience.

Decide on what type of Engineer you want to be. Although many of the skills of an Engineer are transferable between disciplines, it is recommended that you choose a specialisation early, in order to better focus your studies and training.

Undertake a Bachelor of Engineering degree, majoring for example, in mining or geotechnical engineering.

Apply for a job as a Graduate Engineer. You will usually spend 2-3 years as a Graduate before becoming a Professional Engineer.


  • Ambitious
  • Analytical
  • Articulate
  • Clever
  • Cooperative
  • Creative
  • Devoted
  • Diligent
  • Focused
  • Imaginative
  • Meticulous
  • Neurotic
  • Resourceful
  • Responsible
  • Technological
  • Thorough

Key Skills

  • Infrastructure
  • Mining
  • Technical skills
  • Computer Science
  • Programming Languages
  • Conceptual, Logical, or Physical Data Modeling
  • Process Management
  • Advanced Physics
  • Structural Analysis
  • Nanotechnology

Future Prospects

There are many pathways in engineering due to the wide variety of this job.

  • Project Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Agricultural Engineer
  • Automotive Engineer
  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Civil Engineer
  • Computer Engineer
  • Drafting and Design Engineer
  • Aerospace Engineer. Aerospace engineering is the study of the design, development, and production of air and spacecraft.